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What is CPTPP? Even some provincial leaders have not yet envisioned.

Speaking at the CPTPP Workshop (Comprehensive Partnership and Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement), expert Bui Kim Thuy pointed out that many of our provinces still do not really understand the CPTPP agreement to be able to outlines the ways and has the right support to help businesses grow.

8:00 am

The Comprehensive Partnership and Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPP) has officially entered into force with Vietnam from January 14, 2019. This is currently a hot topic of domestic enterprises today.a

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Before that, from December 30, 2018, the CPTPP agreement was in effect for 6 countries including Singapore, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Mexico and Australia. As of the current CPTPP agreement, a huge free economic sector of 11 countries, with a market size of up to 500 million people, accounts for 13% of global GDP. CPTPP has unified provisions on investment and service regulations in many areas, and most importantly, step by step eliminating tariff barriers on agricultural and industrial products among member countries. .

Does CPTPP have a negative impact on business performance? What will be the challenges and preferences of each country through this Agreement? How are the commitments to open goods market between countries in specific CPTPP? What are the opportunities and challenges of commodities in Vietnam in the context of CPTPP? And all these issues will be discussed by 200 experts and invited guests at the Conference "CPTPP with Vietnamese enterprises: Benefits or Challenges" took place in Hanoi. This is the first Workshop on CPTPP since the Agreement officially entered into force with Vietnam.

The seminar was organized by Ministry of Industry and Trade, VnExpress, a joint private research and economic development committee, accompanied by Ton Colorbond brand from BlueScope.

08:30

Forum on CPTPP agreement officially opened

At the hall, there were 200 experts and speakers working together to find out the answers to the questions of the business community about the impact of the CPTPP agreement on Vietnam.

The CPTPP Agreement has 11 participating countries, including: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, New Zealand, Peru and Vietnam signed in March 2018 in Chile.

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200 experts and speakers were present at the workshop.

According to the calculation of the national socio-economic information and forecast center (under the Ministry of Planning and Investment), the CPTPP agreement will help Vietnam GDP increase by 1.7 billion USD, more than 4 billion USD. export, increased by 1.32% and 4.04% by 2035 respectively.

In terms of content, basically the same as the TPP agreement, but CPTPP allows member countries to postpone a few obligations to ensure balance in the new context.

In the framework of CPTPP, for the first time, Vietnam committed to cut nearly 100% of tariff lines; commitment to public procurement activities; commitment to the state-owned enterprise sector; pledged to allow employees to establish workers' organizations not necessarily under the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor; commitment to environmental issues, e-commerce ...

08:35 

Workshop to connect policy makers and experts with enterprises on CPTPP

At the beginning of the program, Mr. Pham Trong Nghiep, the editor of the editorial office, VnExpress e-newspaper said, on January 14, 2019 was an important milestone for the Vietnamese business community when the Comprehensive and Progressive Partnership Agreement Trans-Pacific (CPTTP), began to take effect, opening a new era of economic integration.

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Mr. Pham Trong Nghiep delivered the opening speech.

CPTTP aims to reduce tariffs on goods, open services markets, intellectual property, and trade-related technical barriers, and handle new, non-traditional issues like labor, environment, shopping ... This is an opportunity, also creating many pressures on Vietnam's current system of policies, laws, investment, technology and competitiveness.

Today's workshop will bring a lot of useful information about the CPTTP, so there will be strategic preparations to receive many benefits and reduce challenges. This is also the channel connecting policy makers and experts with Vietnamese enterprises, thereby having appropriate reforms and improving the business environment. 

08:48

What is the CPTPP Agreement and what are the commitments in this Agreement?

In the first presentation at the Conference, Ms. Pham Quynh Mai - Deputy Director of Multilateral Trade Policy Department - Ministry of Industry and Trade shared the process and results of negotiating the CPTPP agreement.

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The representative of the Ministry of Industry and Trade shared about the process and results of negotiating the CPTPP agreement

This agreement was actually signed from February 2016 with the abbreviation "TPP 12" with the participation of the US. But after the US withdrew from the agreement, the remaining 11 members discussed and went to negotiate another treaty, called CPTPP.

On March 18, the CPTPP agreement was officially re-signed to Chile, and Vietnam was the seventh member. Going into the areas of negotiation, CPTPP had 30 chapters on negotiations on trade in goods and textiles. sewing, labor, state-owned enterprises, protection of intellectual property rights ...

Basically, the Agreement remains the same provisions of the TPP agreement, but allows member countries to postpone 20 groups of obligations to ensure balance in the new context.

The issue of market opening, when the agreement came into effect, eliminated almost all import taxes on the roadmap; Enterprises in the treaty can liberalize services and investment on the basis of local laws.

According to Ms. Quynh Mai, although CPTPP does not have the US, the market size is still large and potential, accounting for 13,5% of global GDP with a market with the purchasing power of nearly 5 million people.

Regarding tariffs, based on the content of the agreement, member countries will cut nearly 100% of tariff lines, 66% to 0% when the agreement takes effect, 86.5% to 0% after 3 years. There is no export tax except some special items such as petroleum ...

08:52

Countries will abolish almost 100% of tariff lines for Vietnam according to the roadmap

Besides traditional fields, Vietnam has a number of other commitments related to labor, intellectual property, State enterprises, public procurement or the environment ... Particularly in the labor chapter, Vietnam can enjoy certain incentives from member countries of CPTPP. Specifically, Vietnam has about 7 years of free trade sanctions in this section.

Pham Quynh Mai said that for Vietnam, countries committed to abolishing almost 100% of tariff lines in the wood and fishery industries ... Japanese members pledged to abolish 86% of tariff lines immediately. when the Agreement comes into effect. In contrast, Vietnam also pledged to abolish many tariff lines with its members.

Với CPTPP, các nước xóa bỏ gần như 100% các dòng thuế cho Việt Nam.

The conference attracted many experts, speakers, representatives of businesses interested in CPTPP.

For sensitive products like beer and chicken, Vietnam has a roadmap to cut taxes for member countries for a period of 10 years. The Vietnamese sectors enjoy many benefits such as shoes, coffee, tea, pepper ... The above items can be exported to Canadian and Japanese markets more easily ...

09:00

CPT consolidates Vietnam's role in the block

Ms. Pham Quynh Mai said, CPTTP helps strengthen and enhance the role of Vietnam in the eyes of international business, investment community in general and member countries in particular.

For the economy, CPTPP creates a driving force for market development and opening. As a country participating in the development of the CPT agreement, Vietnamese enterprises have more advantages than other enterprises with a series of tariff barriers removed. Although there is no US, the CPT still accounts for about 13.5% of global GDP.

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Opportunities and challenges that CPTPP brings are content that most businesses are interested in.

In addition, CPT also promotes reform, facilitates business, eliminates trade barriers. Vietnam can actively apply commitments to expand the market. When the agreement has a force, millions of jobs for workers will be created, helping to accelerate poverty reduction.

CPTTP brings many advantages, and many challenges will also be raised for the Vietnamese business community. Apart from strong products, Vietnam will be affected by some commodities such as food, cars ....

In order to achieve the highest advantages, Vietnam needs to focus on improving the legal framework. In 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Trade will submit to the National Assembly 7 laws (new additions and supplements) to implement the commitments. Many documents were also assigned by the Government to ministries and agencies.

Legal pressures, however, but when renegotiating and without American involvement, we are also allowed to postpone some things. We have many new commitments such as the environment, government procurement ... For social challenges, we have competition, some businesses that fail to meet will be eliminated and bankrupt. .

At the end of the speech, Ms. Mai hoped that the Ministry of Industry and Trade would be the focal point to connect other ministries to implement and avoid the impact on businesses. She also wants businesses to actively seek information, any questions can be exchanged through the electronic portal, association channels.

09:11

Rules of origin of goods - the key point for Vietnamese enterprises to achieve the highest benefits from CPTPP

The next essay is on the Rules of Origin of Goods of Ms. Bui Kim Thuy, a member of the negotiating group of Vietnam FTAs, Representative of the US-ASEAN Business Council in Vietnam.

Emphasizing before the speech, she affirmed that a 30-minute essay was only enough to provide a general picture, general information (because this section is so many and complicated, there should be more research papers, more more details at interested individuals).

Bà Bùi Kim Thùy với bài tham luận về Quy tắc xuất xứ hàng hóa.

Ms. Bui Kim Thuy with a presentation on Rules of Origin

At the beginning, she said Vietnam has been participating in 16 free trade agreements (FTAs). In which, 12 FTAs were signed such as ATIGA, ASEAN-China, ASEAN-Korea, ... and 4 negotiating FTAs such as RCEP, Vietnam-Israel ...

Ms. Thuy said that CPTPP is a comprehensive FTA. She stressed that tax negotiations are closely related to the rules of origin rules. The role of tariff negotiation and negotiation of rules of origin are equally important as parallel legs. Only when the origin requirements are met can Vietnamese products be exported to new markets to enjoy preferential tariffs. Therefore, enterprises need to be aware of specific rules and strictly follow the rules of origin in order to export goods.

09:20

Vietnam needs to measure the extent to which incentives are used to adjust policies to suit CPTPP

Following the speech, Ms. Bui Kim Thuy continued to show the importance of rules of origin. Accordingly, the rules of origin will determine whether imported goods are eligible for preferential tariff treatment while ensuring a balance between "trade facilitation" and "trade fraud prevention". .

In addition, we also need to measure the extent of utilization of FTA incentives with members. When looking at the total export turnover from Vietnam to a certain country, policymakers need to determine how much of it is entitled to tariffs. Specifically, with exports of more than US $ 35 billion in the US last year, we need to measure among them, how Vietnam can reduce tariffs. According to Thuy, not only Vietnam, but many countries also have very little tariff reduction.

From measuring the level of incentives, the regulator needs to adjust the policy to enjoy more incentives. If the preferential rules of origin are met, countries will be granted preferential C / O. This is the most important travel document and legal commitment for countries to enjoy tariff preferences.

Bà Bùi Kim Thùy đưa ra tầm quan trọng của quy tắc xuất xứ.

Ms. Bui Kim Thuy gave the importance of rules of origin.

 

09:25

There are not many agreements but there is a high rate of utilization of FTA incentives

Talking about Vietnam's rate of utilization of FTAs ​​in 2017, Ms. Bui Kim Thuy said that there are not many agreements with high utilization rate of FTA incentives, most of them stop at 30%, only a few billion The high utilization rate for Chile is 69%, but the export turnover is small, less than 1 billion USD (0.68 billion USD), the data source is from the General Department of Customs.

"So we come up with a liquid / flexible rule of origin, allowing businesses to choose some rules instead of one, to easily meet the origin criteria. But this leads to discouragement. The use of materials within FTAs ​​does not increase the value of the value added to the exporting country ".

There is also a strict rules of origin (CPTPP), to avoid members who are not under the agreement but benefit from the agreement.

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The audience listened attentively to the rules of origin.

09:31

CPTPP has a "tight" but flexible set of rules of origin

Continuing on the rules of origin of CPTPP, Ms. Thuy said that pure origin is understood in the old FTAs as 100% of the materials that make up the product must be all in that country. This is a strict rules of origin to prevent countries that are not members of the agreement from taking advantage of tax incentives, or "free rider".

Regarding the aggregate factor in CPTPP, imported materials do not meet the CPTPP origin but have added value in CPTPP (even 1%). Then, the actual value-added percentage of that material will be added to calculate the amount of CPTPP in the product produced in the exporting country of that product.

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The set of rules of origin is an important factor for businesses before CPTPP.

She assumes a package of coffee when produced in Bien Hoa takes coffee from Buon Me Thuot, milk from Moc Chau, sugar from Quang Ngai. These four provinces are all located in the territory of Vietnam. CPTPP considers each country in the Agreement a province. At that time, CPTPP does not need RCV (Regional Value Content) to reach 40% as other FTAs. Even 15, 20% are still granted normal C / O. When returning to Customs, Customs understands that it will be added.

"This is a flexible factor especially good for the supply chain, for the manufacturing sector, especially for small and medium enterprises, not having enough resources as large enterprises," Thuy said. . With previous agreements, 39% were not included. As for CPTPP, it is allowed to add even 1%.

De Minimis - flexible rules that allow finished products despite 10% origin violations but still have special tariff preferences. Typically, non-originating yarns are allowed to account for no more than 10% of the weight of fabric used to make finished products. For example, in 100 tons of yarn, textile enterprises have the right to violate 10 tons and still enjoy incentives. This rule applies only to the textile industry in terms of weight. Enterprises that commit 10% of origin violations still enjoy tariff preferences.

In terms of value, many industries still enjoy this policy. However, it does not apply to some ingredients used to produce dairy and dairy products, some fruit juices and some cooking oils.

In addition, the current C / O mechanism requires exporters to submit C / O applications from agencies and organizations authorized by the Government, then wait from 4 to 3 working days to get C / O, plus fees and charges. When joining CPTPP, the enterprise can self-certify because the exporter of the importer is authorized to self-certify the product produced or owned by itself, thereby being able to take the initiative in the procedures. With regard to C / O, there is no waiting time nor fee.

From an enterprise perspective - Opportunities and challenges of commodity industries in Vietnam in the context of joining CPTPP

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Mr. Nguyen Cao Tri - NS BlueScope Lysaght Vietnam General Director shared about CPTPP - Competitiveness of the domestic livestock industry.

With the experience and knowledge gained, Mr. Tri believes that it will partly help businesses have a multidimensional perspective on the situation of the livestock industry.

The first is the status of import and export turnover worldwide. Countries specializing in livestock have many great strengths in brand, farm management system, quality. In particular, for countries like New Zealand and Mexico, we may face many risks when competing.

For cattle and poultry, specifically chickens: divided into production and fresh meat. About 15 exporting countries account for more than 90% of the world, their capacities and technology are far ahead of other countries.

Tổng Giám đốc NS BlueScope Lysaght Việt Nam chia sẻ về CPTPP - Năng lực cạnh tranh của ngành chăn nuôi.

NSS General Manager BlueScope Lysaght shared about the competitiveness of the livestock sector in CPTPP.

For example, in Denmark, they have $ 3 billion in pork exports, accounting for 90% of their meat production, they only consume 10%. In Vietnam, about 15% of the livestock industry, and there is a habit of eating freshly slaughtered meat. With this fact, Mr. Tri said, we can be fine in a short time, but long term, there will be high competition when people get used to cold food. Especially when other members with strong breeding capacity may soon join CPTPP.

"Clearly the production and consumption capacity we have, but the competitiveness is not big enough," Tri said.

The first reason is the uncompetitive price. This comes from the major input materials that have to be imported, the seed source is not high-yielding, the farm management system is not optimal ...

Secondly, the quality, pigs, cows and chickens that can be exported through developed countries are not high. In addition, other peripheral factors such as brand are not large enough, human resources, small farms are fragmented ... All together, although more than 400 million livestock and poultry, most of them come from small households. poor technology scale.

Vietnam's pig breeding industry lacks competitiveness

In the livestock industry, in terms of performance, there are some basic parameters: Daily gain weight, FCR - the ratio of food consumed for a slightly pork sign (feed conversion rate), BSY - number of weaned piglets on a sow. In Vietnam, the BSY index is only 20-23 while in Denmark it is 35 and the average number of countries in the world is 30, according to Nguyen Cao Tri - General Director of NS BlueScope Lysaght Vietnam.

From these indicators, Mr. Tri determined that Vietnam's pig industry itself is not competitive enough. Judging from the cause, Mr. Tri gave many reasons, especially in the barn system.

Nguyên thành viên đoàn đàm phán CPTPP của Việt Nam, Đại diện Hội đồng Kinh doanh Hoa Kỳ - ASEAN tại Việt Nam.

The guests attentively watched the presentation.

Mr. Tri said that pig farming solutions in Vietnam are still mostly small, medium and household farms, so their productivity is low. Meanwhile, the solutions that BlueScope is providing are good stables, professionally designed, high-quality housing facilities. Besides, technology is also very important. Technology needs to optimize and automate each stage of the animal and technology to control the environment inside.

One of the important factors in the livestock model is the food supply. Currently, 60-65% of breeding costs are in food sources. Therefore, businesses need to have good input food sources, quality control, nutrition regimes suitable to each period of livestock and apply high technology in animal husbandry.

According to NSS BlueScope Lysaght Vietnam representative, we also need to have appropriate mechanism, build information support center to support businesses. What is important is how to create a key area in livestock as a model of advanced countries. According to him, in order to do this, it is necessary to have a companion of enterprises and the Government to increase the competitiveness and catch the advantages of CPTTP.

10:03

Vietnam is among the top 3 textile exporters in the world, after China and India

In his presentation on the textile industry, Mr. Truong Van Cam - Vice Chairman of Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association shared the opportunities and challenges of the industry.

Vietnam textile and apparel industry is now the leading industry in the country in terms of labor utilization with about 2.7 million people, ranking second in export turnover after phones and components - 2018 reaching USD 36.1 billion , accounting for 15% of the country's export turnover. The industry is in the top 3 among the world's textile exporters, after China and India. Import turnover of Vietnam textile and garment industry in 2018 reached 21.8 billion USD.

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Representatives of businesses in many fields present at the conference.

For nearly 30 years, Vietnam textile and apparel has grown from zero. In 1990, it exported only 52 million USD. By 2002, when it signed a bilateral agreement with the US, it exported about 2.75 billion USD, by 2013 it increased to 21 billion USD, and 2018 to 36.1 billion USD.

In recent years, we have the development of export turnover faster than imports. 2008 trade surplus of over 14 billion USD. If calculated according to imports for export, the data is nearly 18 billion USD.

The market is headed by the United States, including exports of yarn, raw materials ... On the proportion of exports, the US is always at the top, if including textile yarn, the US accounts for about 40%. The market share of Vietnamese textile and garment compared to EU is standing at 6, compared with ASEAN ranked 9th.

Products such as t-shirts, jackets (pants), pants, children's clothes, shirts are more powerful.

Regarding imports, Mr. Van Cam said, we import a lot of cotton (about US $ 3 billion), cloth over US $ 12 billion, raw materials over US $ 3.6 billion and mainly import from China, followed by Han National.

10:10

Vietnam textile and garment industry has benefited positively from CPTPP

Continuing on the difficulties in the textile and garment industry, Mr. Cam said that from 2015-2017, the import of raw cotton materials from the Chinese market of Vietnamese enterprises has partly decreased. However, Vietnam still has to import nearly 99% of cotton, 1.3 million tons of yarn, 80% of fabric ... Regarding garment, Vietnam is strong but it is mainly a form of processing. Regarding labor qualifications, 76% of workers in the textile and garment industry are unskilled workers.

Phó Chủ tịch HH Dệt may Việt Nam

Mr. Truong Van Cam - Vice Chairman of Vietnam Garment Association.

Besides the difficulties, Vice President of Vietnam Textile and Garment Association evaluated our country has certain advantages such as an abundant labor force, still in the golden population phase despite the aging phenomenon is happening very much. fast. Vietnam textile and garment industry has so far attracted about 17.5 billion USD in investment.

"The opportunity for the textile and apparel industry in CPTPP is to expand markets to Mexico, Peru and Canada. In addition, different impacts promote institutional reform, create a more transparent and transparent business environment ... There is also a positive effect on the textile industry, "said Mr. Cam.

The textile and garment industry attracted US $ 17.5 billion of foreign investment, especially when private trade agreements were put into negotiations and transfers ended, the wave of investment in Vietnam increased sharply. In the period 2013-2018, capital from textile and garment industry accounted for 9.2 billion USD. This will be an advantage to help businesses attract investment capital, improve the business environment.

Mechanisms and policies also make it difficult for textile enterprises

At the same time, textile enterprises still face many challenges. In particular, the rules of origin from fiber of CPTTP have hit the industry bottleneck correctly. With the advantage of forgetting tax incentives of CPTTP, competitors will support their textile industry. Some emerging textile exporting countries such as Cambodia, Myanmar and Laos also enjoy 0% tax from the EU. Many countries will use trade defense mechanisms to protect domestic production.

The question asked by Mr. Cam is what a textile enterprise must do to take advantage of CPTTP? According to him, first, businesses have to understand about CPTTP, understand the information about the textile industry, from there, know who we are, what strengths and markets in CPT have characteristics to hit the right market. .

In order to solve the bottleneck, strong enterprises must connect with each other, need to build a chain of business links, especially domestic and foreign investment. Regarding labor issues, businesses need to promote training. The Textile and Apparel Association also linked with many countries to open training classes.

Ông Võ Minh Nhựt - Tổng giám đốc NS BlueScope Việt Nam.

Mr. Vo Minh Nhut - NS BlueScope Vietnam's General Director.

Besides, it is necessary to have the hands of the state and the locality. The state needs to have development policies in the next 10-15 years to take advantage of this agreement. Currently, some localities have returned to textiles and garments, especially textile and dyeing, but many projects of reputable and fully qualified investors are not licensed. Therefore, the Government needs to plan industrial parks and waste water treatment to facilitate businesses.

The current mechanism and policies of the State cause many difficulties for businesses. According to him, from the government to the local need to join, accompanying the business.

10:46

Textile and garment industry is the most affected industry due to the rules of origin of goods

After the break, the workshop continued with a discussion on Solutions for Vietnamese enterprises to take advantage of opportunities and minimize challenges / risks from CPTPP.

Receiving questions in the current strong sectors of Vietnam, which goods industry is expected to face the most difficulties or suffer the greatest impact due to the rules of origin of goods (risks and opportunities), Ms Bui Kim Thuy, a member of the negotiating group of Vietnam FTAs, USABC representative in Vietnam, said that this is the textile industry.

From a technical point of view, CPTPP is the only agreement Vietnam has participated in with its own chapter of textile and garment that is not in common with any other chapter, never before has this industry been favored, she said. In particular, the total number of chapters and textile industries from chapter 50 to 63 are the most popular and stand-alone product groups, and are not paired with other chapters.

thảo luận Giải pháp để doanh nghiệp Việt Nam tận dụng cơ hội, giảm thiểu thách thức/ rủi ro từ CPTPP

Discussion session Solution for Vietnamese enterprises to take advantage of opportunities, reduce challenges and risks from CPTPP.

The most congested point of the textile industry is fabric production vải

After Ms Thuy's assessment that the textile and apparel industry will suffer the most impact in CPTPP, Pham Thi Ngoc Thuy asked Mr. Truong Van Cam - Vice President of Vietnam Textile and Garment Association.

"Of all the problems of the textile industry to meet CPTPP, what is the most congenial point in your opinion? What should the government and association do to solve this problem?" Ms. Thuy asked.

Bà Thủy đặt câu hỏi về điểm nghẽn của ngành dệt may.

Ms. Thuy questioned the bottleneck of the textile industry.

Mr. Cam said: "The most congested point of the Vietnamese textile and apparel industry is the production of fabric. This is a very weak sector. The industry has also sought to provide a solution for fabric sewing but the level of success has not yet been achieved. as expected ".

In response to the second question, Mr. Cam said that to solve this problem, the association proposed to the Government the construction of concentrated technology clusters with wastewater treatment technology. The second solution is training human resources such as teaching equipment, tuition and scholarships to attract students to the textile industry.

Phó Chủ tịch HH Dệt may Việt Nam nêu ra nguyên nhân và giải pháp.

Vice President of Vietnam Textile and Garment Association raised the causes and solutions for the textile and garment industry.

11:00

Why Vietnam must import up to 12.8 billion USD of fabric

In response to Mr. Cam, the coordinator continued to consult Mr. Nguyen Son - Vice Chairman of Vietnam Cotton Association on challenges and opportunities with the textile industry. Mr. Son said, at the end of last year, the Institute of Development Strategy assessed hundreds of businesses, and participated in discussions to find out the difficulties that are facing.

The biggest problem of the textile and garment industry is fabric production, which is the key issue of printing and dyeing. In developed countries such as Korea, China, large enterprises build supply chains and industrial parks with standard wastewater treatment system. When focusing on an area, businesses will easily handle, train and develop human resources. Besides, enterprises only focus on one stage, while the fabric production stage will be taken from small and medium enterprises in other areas. Vietnam needs to study and apply this model.

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Mr. Nguyen Son - Vice Chairman of Vietnam Cotton Association.

Previously, he thought that a part of development policy was problematic, the areas that needed more incentives did not exist. Vietnamese enterprises have not yet approached large domestic fabric manufacturing enterprises, leading to import of up to 12.8 billion USD of fabric ...

He suggested that the Government should have policies to make it easier for enterprises to access land. In many places, this model can be developed, but now the provinces are aware of the extent, 80-90% say no to dyeing because of concerns about environmental pollution.

To facilitate small and medium enterprises to benefit, the question is how to attract businesses, in which, the best solution is to build industrial parks.

Currently, the issue of human resource attraction is still limited because universities have little training in this sector, and the industry does not have policies to attract students. He cited the example of a newly opened textile factory in the newly opened Bao Minh Industrial Park (Nam Dinh) with a capacity of up to 3 million meters a year. Due to lack of human resources, the company has to hire manpower from abroad but still fails to meet the requirements. Therefore, Vietnam should cooperate with countries with strengths to support each other in training the people

VAT is also a problem for many businesses. According to Mr. Son, foreign enterprises importing into Vietnam are exempt from tax but domestic companies supplying each other lose VAT. This issue needs to be researched and clarified.

11:10

According to the coordinator, Pham Thi Ngoc Thuy, there is an industry that, if not careful, will be highly competitive, may even be defeated at home, which is the story of the agricultural industry. Discussing this issue, Mr. Vo Minh Nhut - NS BlueScope Vietnam's General Director has shared about the problems businesses face in CPTPP.

Tổng giám đốc NS BlueScope Việt Nam đã có những chia sẻ về những vấn đề doanh nghiệp gặp phải trong CPTPP.

NS BlueScope Vietnam General Director shared an enterprise perspective on CPTPP.

According to Mr. Nhut, bringing the tax rate to zero, as well as providing the minimum game rules to create a level playing field among countries will promote economic, social and environmental development.

"With BlueScope Company, how is the company's policy on environment and intellectual property work, I will speak quickly about environmental issues in CPTPP commitment. Specifically, countries need to make this clear. , publicizing the implementation, bringing information to as many businesses as possible.For us, we have a global commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 3% every year in Vietnam. implemented over 5 years and currently exceeds the target, in addition to CO2 issues, we also actively develop green buildings, energy-saving conferences, seminars, competitions for students, student ", Mr. Nhut said.

Regarding labor, CPTPP stipulates that labor rights should be clearly recorded in labor rights, including 4 contents, including the right to establish an independent trade union and association. Vietnam has about 5 years to implement, followed by occupational safety and gender equality.

According to Mr. Nhut, BlueScope has no major problems with trade unions (although there are occasional disputes over labor in some countries, but can be resolved through collective bargaining and under control). In terms of occupational safety, the company has the culture that all employees participate in the construction to minimize risks. The global perspective of this business is that for every one million hours of labor, there is a case of labor insecurity. In terms of gender equality, BlueScope has a clear policy to balance the workforce in manufacturing factories - there will be one female worker for every 3 employees, from a leadership perspective, more than 30% of female leaders.

Finally, intellectual property, the company will regularly set up and train employees to protect their intellectual property, try to build a creative culture in the corporation.

Vietnamese agribusinesses need to actively bring products for sale

After BlueScope's story about implementing necessary and sufficient conditions to meet CPTPP in enterprises, Ms. Thuy asked Mr. Do Van Hue, Standing Member of Vietnam Agriculture Agriculture Club about the agricultural sector. doing.

"Vietnam's agricultural sector is going slower than other industries. Recently, the sector has managed to remove some of the raw material area that is new to processing. If the agricultural sector still applies old technology, it cannot be export ", Mr. Hue affirmed.

Mr. Hue said that most of the agricultural enterprises have not been able to take initiative in the market but are waiting for foreign customers to come to the goods and processing stages. This is very risky and passive. The agricultural sector is producing what it has, not meeting the products that big import markets need. Therefore, businesses need to actively research and explore big markets, bring products to the place of offering.

There are products in foreign countries that need to be in the country but do not know. Vietnamese businesses do not know the information so they do not bring products, instead relying on foreign businesses to search, then may fall into the position of outsourcing them.

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Mr. Hue pointed out the weaknesses of Vietnamese agricultural enterprises.

11:23

It is not possible to turn farmers into businessmen soon

Continuing the program, coordinator Ngoc Thuy asked Ms. Bui Kim Thuy about advice for households and businesses to develop. "Can not one way soon turn farmers into entrepreneurs and think like real entrepreneurs," Thuy said.

She gave an example, before negotiating about CPTTP, the ministries issued opinion cards but only collected 10% of quality comments, many businesses did not know how to write on that survey. This shows that Vietnamese enterprises are not proactive. Currently, there are not many businesses that have good interaction with the public sector. This is a long situation that needs to be considered.

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Discussion discusses solutions for households and businesses to develop.

Ms. Thuy also talked about working with Bac Giang provincial leaders about CPTTP, when talking about the textile industry, provincial leaders regret not granting licenses to textile enterprises because they do not understand the laws of CPTTP. Fabric manufacturing industry is much related to production and discharge factors, so many localities still have concerns about environmental pollution. She also suggested that the Government should provide transparent, consistent policies, creating a way for businesses to catch up with industry 4.0.

11:30

Japan allows businesses to send people to ministries

Received the question "Which initiative to overcome the problems: lack of market information, human resources, synchronization from top to bottom, self-improvement of capacity for domestic enterprises", Mr. Vinh, an audience The author sat below with his hand to share the experience learned from the Japanese, which is a public and private coordination mechanism.

According to Mr. Vinh, Japanese law allows enterprises to send people to Japanese departments and branches for a certain period of time. Mr. Vinh said that Vietnam should learn this mechanism, how to make the private sector and the public work more closely.

Taking the same question, Ms. Yen, from a company specializing in providing farm technology, handling cereals such as rice, pepper, said, she has experience and time to live in Denmark. According to Ms. Yen, to increase competitiveness when participating in CPTPP, the first thing to consider is the combination of livestock enterprises and manufacturing enterprises providing technology and scientists - Denmark called it cooperative model. In Denmark, they share information transparently and transparently. The second point is that they have a chain to be proactive in production.

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Discussion topics attracted interest and many stories shared in the hall.

11:38

Businesses have difficulties in understanding CPTPP information

A guest in the auditorium introduced himself as a lawyer of enterprises, under the Hanoi Bar Association, continued to offer solutions to make associations and businesses better access to information.

He pointed out the reality: "Enterprises always face difficulties in finding information, ministries and departments cannot approach each enterprise to disseminate. However, access associations will be easy. it's easier because they understand what information their businesses and industries need. "

Through practical experience advising businesses as lawyers, she said that associations can find information from websites of law offices, many of which are free.

However, expert Bui Kim Thuy acknowledged the fact that currently there is not a lawyer who is knowledgeable about CPTPP enough to advise businesses how to benefit the most.

11:45

Vietnam does not have a lawyer who is knowledgeable about CPTPP

The show has been over for a long time but many viewers continue to raise their hands to give their opinions.

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The more discussion about the end, the more attracted questions from the hall.

Participating in the program as an individual, Mr. Cao Xuan Phong from the Ministry of Justice shared, a few years ago, he worked as a sociological investigator to protect the rights of workers and found that the textile industry still has a lot of inadequate. Localities believe that, where there are difficulties, just set up fences first. Therefore, we need a link between state agencies and localities and businesses to facilitate businesses

According to unofficial data, Mr. Phong collected, currently, Vietnam only spends about 500,000 USD on policy making, the number is too small to create good policies. If now only a business or state works together, it cannot be guaranteed.

Commenting on the idea, Ms. Bui Kim Thuy said that there is no lawyer to consult the industry for goods origin. Therefore, it is necessary for a third party to bridge the public-private sector and the role of the association is extremely important.

According to Thuy, those who work in the public sector need to stand on the role of serving people to make the best policies. For businesses, it is necessary to consider the role that they are taxpayers and state orders to make policies that are beneficial to their businesses.

11:50

Businesses want to fully update information

At the end of the forum, the coordinator still wanted to spend a few minutes for Mr. Hai, the Italian Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam - an audience seated below. According to Mr. Hai, to support small and medium enterprises to export to foreign countries, units should outline information so that businesses, especially small and medium enterprises can easily understand what they need to do. , once understood, the committees will provide reasonable fee services to simplify the business and bring efficiency to the private sector.

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The seminar ended when the auditorium was still full of seats.

The event ended at 12 o'clock, more than 30 minutes from the plan and the auditorium was still full until the last minute. According to the proposal of the coordinator as well as the business, from this workshop, the organizers will continue to expand the series of workshops on CPTPP in each topic such as textile and agriculture. The MC would like to thank the experts, guests who attended the program as well as Ton Colorbond brand from BlueScope who have accompanied the Forum.

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